What does NASA stand for?

What does NASA stand for?
NASA is the term used for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is an independent organization of the United States government that is accountable for space flight and aviation. The mission of NASA is to forge the future in scientific exploration, aeronautics investigation and discovering space. In fulfilling this mission, thousands of people have been working assiduously all over the world as well as in outer space for the last fifty (50) years endeavoring to find answers to the simplest questions. These questions are: What is out there in space? How does one get there? What will one find? What can be learnt there or can be learnt by attempting to get there in order to make life better on Earth? In 1958 the national Aeronautics and Space Administration was established by President Dwight Eisenhower. This establishment was partly in response to the artificial satellite launched by the Soviet Union in 1957. NASA emerged from the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA),...

What does CBS stand for?

What does CBS stand for?
CBS is the acronym for Columbia Broadcasting System. Columbia Broadcasting System is the former name of the American television network which now goes by the name CBS Broadcasting INC and it is also known as one of American television’s unique ‘big three.’ NBC and ABC are the other two. CBS started its journey as a radio network. The origin of the CBS network dates back to 1928 when William S. Paley bought a group of radio stations known as the United Independent Broadcasters Inc., this was where the network was renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. CBS was the first to emerge as one of the biggest radio networks in United States under Paley’s tutelage and then as was mentioned earlier, one of the big three American broadcast television networks. CBS later dropped the full meaning of its acronym and simply went by the name CBS Inc in 1974. In 1995 Westinghouse Electric Corporation purchased the network and used the name CBS Corporation. Viacom took control of CBS in 2000 which...

What does WAV stand for?

What does WAV stand for?
WAV or WAVE is the abbreviated form of Waveform audio format. It is also known as Audio for Windows. It is a Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard used for storing an audio bitstream on PCs. It is notably an application of the RIFF bitstream format method utilized for storing data in chunks or large units, and therefore it is also similar to the 8SVX and the AIFF format used on Amiga and Macintosh computers. It is the primary format used on Windows systems for raw and generally uncompressed audio. The normal bitstream encoding is the Pulse Code Modulation or PCM format. Both WAVs and AIFFs formats are compatible with Windows, Macintosh, and Linux operating systems. The format considers some of the salient differences of the Intel CPU like little-endian byte order. The RIFF format will act as a wrapper for a variety of audio compression codecs. Although a WAV file can store compressed audio, the most widely used WAV format houses uncompressed audio in the linear pulse code modulation...

What does KITT stand for?

What does KITT stand for?
The acronym KITT stands for Knight Industries Two Thousand or Knight Industries Three Thousand. This acronym is the short name of two fictional characters from the adventure TV series Knight Rider. The first appeared in the original TV series knight rider while the second appeared in the two hour pilot movie in 2008 for a new Knight Rider TV series and subsequently the new series itself. KITT appears as an artificially intelligent electronic computer module that is installed in a very mobile, highly advanced robotic automobile. This is synonymous for both KITTs mentioned above. Wilton Knight was said to have installed the cybernetic processor in a mainframe computer and it was utilized by the United States government in Washington D.C KTT has special features such as Turbo Boost, which allows quick bursts of speed or jumping over obstacles, the ability to drive himself, a front mounted scan bar that, among other things, allowed KITT to “see,” “molecular bonded shell”...

What does PHP stand for?

What does PHP stand for?
PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is the language scripted by Rasmus Lerdorf to assist with developing web pages. Initially defined personal home page, PHP started in 1994 as Common Gateway Interface Binaries written in C programming language. The idea for PHP came together when Lerdorf merged the binaries he was using to maintain his personal website which Form Interpreter to give birth to PHP/FI. With the creation of PHP came the possibility of communicating with databases and the construction of web applications. Since the early days PHP has gone through consistent changes since its inception in 1995. In using PHP, it may be embedded into HTML and usually runs on a configured web server designed to process and produce web content. Also built in was the ability to find “bugs” in the system and enhance coding. The aformentioned additional features were PHP version 2. Two years later two Israeli developers Zeev Suraski and Andi Gutmans upgraded the PHP 2 by changing the text to PHP: Hypertext...

What does ARPANET stand for?

What does ARPANET stand for?
ARPANET stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. This was created by ARPA of the United States Department of Defense during the Cold War. The ARPANET was the world’s first operational packet switching network, and the predecessor of the global Internet. Packet switching is currently the leading foundation for both voice and data communication worldwide this was a new and significant concept in data communications. Formally, data communication was based on the concept of circuit switching, as was prominent in the old typical telephone circuit, where a dedicated circuit is tied up for the duration of the call and communication is only possible with the single party on the other end of the circuit. A system could use one communication link to communicate with more than one machine with packet switching. This is done by disassembling data into datagrams then collect these as packets. The link could be shared and each packet could be routed independently of other packets. J.C.R....

What does UEFA stand for?

What does UEFA stand for?
UEFA stands for The Union of European Football Associations. The Union of European Football Association is the controlling and administrative body for European football and at all times it is referred to by its acronym UEFA. This national football association runs throughout the various European national and club competitions, it also oversees the regulations, prize money and media rights to those competitions. UEFA owns several national football associations that are located most parts of Asia. These nations include Israel, Cyprus, Russia, Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan, all these nations are not apart of the Asian Football Confederation although Kazakhstan and Israel are former members. Of the six continental confederations of the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA), UEFA is the largest and strongest financially and has a tremendous advantage and influence over the global game. Practically all of the world’s top footballers play in European leagues....

What does AED stand for?

What does AED stand for?
AED stands for Automated External Defibrillator. This is a device that assists with diagnosing possible irregular heartbeats and any associated conditions which may result in death. The defibrillator is used to apply electrical currents which stop arrhythmia and help return the heart to beating at its normal rate. Generally AEDs are made to make them usable by anyone trained in its use; its use is usually essential for persons enrolled in First Aid and CPR classes as well as Basic Life support classes. The devise is usually used to treat pulse-less ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. Both conditions see the heart beating erratically and pumping blood becomes difficult via the ventricular veins. If this persists beyond five minutes, then the heart will gradually cease to beat and result in brain damage and possibly death. The AED is then used in tandem with the CPR techniques and the administration of drugs to stimulate the heart. It should never be introduced prior to the administration...

What does POV stand for?

What does POV stand for?
POV may stand for Persistence of vision which is the phenomenon of the eye by which an afterimage is believed to persist for an estimated one twenty-fifth of a second on the retina. It has been proven a myth and is said to be the mistaken belief that human perception of motion (brain centred) is directly the result of persistence of vision (eye centred). This myth was debunked in 1912 by Wertheimer but is still represented in many citations in numerous classic and modern film-theory texts. A more feasible theory to expound motion perception are the two distinct perceptual illusions: phi phenomenon and beta movement. A visual form of memory designated as iconic memory has been identified as the cause of this phenomenon. Although psychologists and physiologists have invalidated the importance of this theory to film viewership, film academics and theorists typically have not. There are some present day scientists who consider the entire theory a myth. The discovery of persistence of vision...

What does JPEG stand for?

What does JPEG stand for?
JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, the creators of the format which involves compressing pictures as JPEG files. Specifically the standard was created in 1992 after six (6) years of the group’s organization by Eric Hamilton. It was originally publicly known as JFIF but was later amended. The standard was ISO certified two years later as ISO10918-1. Later Tom Lane a member of the Independent JPEG Group made JPEG successful via the implementation of the Open Source software which was accepted by related Companies into their products and services. With its launch into the public domain and certification as a standard the Committee then looked forward to examine its product and address its deficiencies. Photographic images converted to JPEG often come in two formats JPEG/Exif which is usually used by Digital cameras and JPEG/JFIF commonly used across the web for storing and transferring images. The difference however, is usually understated and files are just referred to as...