Archive for the ‘Computer terms’ Category

What does JPEG stand for?

JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, the creators of the format which involves compressing pictures as JPEG files. Specifically the standard was created in 1992 after six (6) years of the group’s organization by Eric Hamilton. It was originally publicly known as JFIF but was later amended. The standard was ISO certified two years […]

What does ROM stand for?

The acronym ROM means Read Only Memory. The term is used to describe computer memory chips that have pre-set programs recorded on them. The chip stores information for the computer which is always available even when the computer is not running. Data stored in ROM or mask ROM is not normally changeable because it is […]

What does WIFI stand for?

WIFI is the acronym for wireless local area network: a local area network that uses high frequency radio signals to transmit and receive data over distances of a few. It can also be seen as a group of wireless local area network (WLAN) devices according to the IEEE 802.11 standards. Wi-Fi devices are installed in […]

What does PDF stand for?

PDF is the acronym for Portable Document Format which is a file format created n 1993 by Adobe Systems for document exchange. PDF is used to symbolize two – dimensional documents in a manner that is free of the application hardware, software and operating system. Each PDF file includes a comprehensive description of a set […]

What does http stand for?

Hypertext Transfer Protocol also knows as Http refers to the application rules governing the transfer and format of data, requested using computer tools or systems that have interconnected information. Primarily it is used to access resources such as HTML files, image files and query results that are inter-connected in several ways. It was the leading […]

What does DOE stand for?

DOE stands for Distributed Objects Everywhere. This was a long – running Sun Microsystems project to build a distributed computing environment based on the CORBA system in the back end ad OpenStep as the user face. The CORBA system is a standard that is defined by the Object Management Group and it allows software components […]

What does ECN stand for?

ECN is the acronym for Electronic Communications Network. This term is often used in financial circles to represent a type of computer system that facilitates the trading of financial products outside of stock exchanges. Currencies and stocks are the main products that are traded on ECNs. ECNs came into being in 1998 when the SEC […]

What does Spam stand for?

Spam refers to electronic messages transmitted to randomly selected recipients who have not requested such communication. Such messages are usually large in size, unrelated and improperly sent to recipients. The most common form of spam is email spam, but there are other types which extend to the web (discussion boards, social networking and blogging sites), […]

What does PSE stand for?

PSE stands for Problem Solving Environment. PSE is a considered to be using concentrated computing software that finds solutions for or to problems. Most PSEs were introduced in the 1990s and they utilize the idiom of the individual field to develop modern graphical user interfaces (GUI). The goal is to ensure that the software is […]

What does ISAPI stand for?

The abbreviation ISAPI means Internet Server Application Programming Interface. This interface developed by Microsoft, facilitates fast and efficient communication with a server. Extensions and filters built using ISAPI are superior in performance to ASP scripts. ISAPI can be implemented using extension and filter applications. Developers utilize C or C++ to create both applications. ISAPI extensions […]