Archive for the ‘Technology/Science’ Category

What does JPEG stand for?

JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, the creators of the format which involves compressing pictures as JPEG files. Specifically the standard was created in 1992 after six (6) years of the group’s organization by Eric Hamilton. It was originally publicly known as JFIF but was later amended. The standard was ISO certified two years […]

What does ROM stand for?

The acronym ROM means Read Only Memory. The term is used to describe computer memory chips that have pre-set programs recorded on them. The chip stores information for the computer which is always available even when the computer is not running. Data stored in ROM or mask ROM is not normally changeable because it is […]

What does WIFI stand for?

WIFI is the acronym for wireless local area network: a local area network that uses high frequency radio signals to transmit and receive data over distances of a few. It can also be seen as a group of wireless local area network (WLAN) devices according to the IEEE 802.11 standards. Wi-Fi devices are installed in […]

What does ASTM stand for?

About ASTM ASTM International or ASTM was previously known as the American Society for Testing and Materials. It is an international standards organization that creates and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a large variety of materials, products, systems, and services. The organization’s headquarters is in West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania. ASTM was established before other similar […]

What does QCT stand for?

QCT may be an abbreviated form of the Queensland College of Teachers. It is currently a legal requirement under the Education Queensland College of Teachers Act 2005 for all individuals who wish to teach in Queensland State and non-State schools and for those people involved in either the supervision or assessment of practising teachers or […]

What does http stand for?

Hypertext Transfer Protocol also knows as Http refers to the application rules governing the transfer and format of data, requested using computer tools or systems that have interconnected information. Primarily it is used to access resources such as HTML files, image files and query results that are inter-connected in several ways. It was the leading […]

What does DX stand for?

About DX DX is short for Digital indeX encoding. It is an ANSI and I3A standard for marking 135 and APS photographic film and film cartridges. It has many parts, a latent image DX film edge barcode on the film underneath the sprocket holes, a code on the cartridge utilized by automatic cameras, and a […]

What does DOE stand for?

DOE stands for Distributed Objects Everywhere. This was a long – running Sun Microsystems project to build a distributed computing environment based on the CORBA system in the back end ad OpenStep as the user face. The CORBA system is a standard that is defined by the Object Management Group and it allows software components […]

What does ECN stand for?

ECN is the acronym for Electronic Communications Network. This term is often used in financial circles to represent a type of computer system that facilitates the trading of financial products outside of stock exchanges. Currencies and stocks are the main products that are traded on ECNs. ECNs came into being in 1998 when the SEC […]

What does ATF stand for?

ATF stands for Automatic Transmission Fluid. This is the fluid used in automatic or standard vehicles. The color of the fluid is green or red to differentiate it from other fluids (such as motor oil for example). A dipstick is used to check the level of the ATF while the engine is running to check […]