Archive for the ‘Technology/Science’ Category

What does ARPANET stand for?

ARPANET stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. This was created by ARPA of the United States Department of Defense during the Cold War. The ARPANET was the world’s first operational packet switching network, and the predecessor of the global Internet. Packet switching is currently the leading foundation for both voice and data communication worldwide […]

What does AED stand for?

AED stands for Automated External Defibrillator. This is a device that assists with diagnosing possible irregular heartbeats and any associated conditions which may result in death. The defibrillator is used to apply electrical currents which stop arrhythmia and help return the heart to beating at its normal rate. Generally AEDs are made to make them […]

What does JPEG stand for?

JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, the creators of the format which involves compressing pictures as JPEG files. Specifically the standard was created in 1992 after six (6) years of the group’s organization by Eric Hamilton. It was originally publicly known as JFIF but was later amended. The standard was ISO certified two years […]

What does PSE stand for?

PSE stands for Problem Solving Environment. PSE is a considered to be using concentrated computing software that finds solutions for or to problems. Most PSEs were introduced in the 1990s and they utilize the idiom of the individual field to develop modern graphical user interfaces (GUI). The goal is to ensure that the software is […]

What does DX stand for?

About DX DX is short for Digital indeX encoding. It is an ANSI and I3A standard for marking 135 and APS photographic film and film cartridges. It has many parts, a latent image DX film edge barcode on the film underneath the sprocket holes, a code on the cartridge utilized by automatic cameras, and a […]

What do the Domain Extensions stand for?

Domain extensions are the top most part of a domain name. A domain name is the characterizing feature for identifying, naming and creating an address for a website on the internet. All domain names are developed using the guiding principles of the Domain Name System. Each domain name consists of dots that separate each part […]

What does DSL stand for?

DSL is the acronym for Digital Subscriber Line. DSL is also known as xDSL which is group of technologies that supplies digital data transmission over the wires of local telephone network. Initial DSL stood for digital subscriber loop but the term Digital Subscriber Line fast became accepted since the year 2009 for Asymmetric Digital Subscriber […]

What does http stand for?

Hypertext Transfer Protocol also knows as Http refers to the application rules governing the transfer and format of data, requested using computer tools or systems that have interconnected information. Primarily it is used to access resources such as HTML files, image files and query results that are inter-connected in several ways. It was the leading […]

What does CGI stand for?

About CGI Computer-generated imagery which is more commonly known as CGI is the use of computer graphics, more correctly, 3D computer graphics as special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. Video games employ the use of real-time computer graphics which is not often considered CGI, however they may […]

What does ASTM stand for?

About ASTM ASTM International or ASTM was previously known as the American Society for Testing and Materials. It is an international standards organization that creates and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a large variety of materials, products, systems, and services. The organization’s headquarters is in West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania. ASTM was established before other similar […]