NOAA stands for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This is an agency within the Department of Commerce that charts the oceans and conserves their living resources. It also refers to a series of low orbit satellites operated by the United States government agency of the same name.
NOAA is an agency that aims to improve life through science. The extent to which NOAA extends is from the sun’s surface to the depths of the ocean floor the aim is to keep citizens abreast of the changing environment around them.
The products and services of NOAA sustain economic vitality and impacts more than one third of America’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The following are NOAA’s product and services:
- Daily weather forecasts,
- Severe storm warnings and climate monitoring to fisheries management
- Coastal restoration
- Supporting marine commerce
NOAA’s scientist have dedicated their efforts to using high tech instruments and cutting edge research in order to supply planners, emergency managers, citizens and other decision makers with dependable information whenever they need it.
NOAA originated sometime in 1807, when the first scientific agency was established. Since that time the agency has changed to suit the needs of an evolving country. NOAA has emerged as an international leader on scientific and environmental matters and keeps an office in every state.
The first ten (10) years of the agency’s existence was an era of substantial and sustained growth and development. This period established the benefits and need for an agency designated to advance our impressions of the earth’s system and its coastal and ocean resources.
During the 1980s NOAA continued a number of research activities which were designed to also improve our understanding of the marine and Great Lakes environment so as to promote economy and safety in maritime activities and expand a sound scientific basis for management decisions linked to the utilization and development of ocean and Great Lakes waters and resources. These activities currently include the following:
- Marine resource assessment research – This examines ways to improve and develop a greater understanding of the geochemical, physical and biological processes associated with active seafloor spreading sites. Additionally it focuses on building or developing a capability to forecast more accurate forecasts of marine fish stocks by analyzing all the environmental factors controlling recruitment.
- Marine hazards and lake hydrology research – This looks at ways to improve prediction skills, environmental information and advisory services related to dangerous coastal waves and winds and other marine hazards.
- Marine ecosystem assessment research – This looks at providing advanced forecasts and evaluations of natural oceanic and Great lake systems as well as the effects of human-induced stresses on said ecosystems.
The vision of NOAA is to foster an enlightened society that understands the function of the coasts, oceans and atmosphere in the global ecosystem in order to make the best economic and social decisions.